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  • Diabetes and Endocrine Institute

  • 435 South Street
  • Suite 340
  • Morristown, NJ 07960
  • Phone: 973-971-5524

About Diabetes


Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not properly process food for energy. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use as energy. The pancreas, an organ near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies for them to function. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugars to build up in the blood.

Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the United States.

What are the Symptoms of Diabetes?

Only a physician can diagnosis you with diabetes. Symptoms of diabetes may include some or all of the following symptoms:

  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • Excessive thirst
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Extreme hunger
  • Vision changes or blurred vision
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
  • Fatigue
  • Very dry skin
  • Sores or wounds that are slow to heal
  • Repeat or continuous infections
  • Nausea or vomiting (typically, with type 1 diabetes)

Are there Different Types of Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile-onset diabetes, develops when the body’s own immune system destroys pancreatic cells that make insulin. This form of diabetes usually occurs in children and young adults, although the onset can occur at any age. Type 1 diabetes accounts for approximately 5 to 10 percent of all diagnosed cases.

Type 2 diabetes, also known as adult-onset diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. In this type, the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin or the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level. At first, the pancreas may be able to make extra insulin, but eventually glucose rises to an unhealthy level.

Millions of Americans have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and millions more may be unaware that they are at high risk or have developed “pre-diabetes”- a condition in which blood sugar is high, but not yet high enough to be classified as diabetes.

Both types 1 and 2 are considered “hyperglycemia.” Hypoglycemia, or low blood glucose, is a condition characterized by abnormally low blood sugar levels. Hypoglycemia causes different symptoms and is managed differently than diabetes. It’s important to call your physician if you are experiencing any symptoms.

Our team of physicians and specialists at the Diabetes and Endocrine Institute at Morristown Medical Center are experts in providing all levels of care for hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia.

  • Diabetes and Endocrine Institute

  • 435 South Street
  • Suite 340
  • Morristown, NJ 07960
  • Phone: 973-971-5524

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