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About Endocrine Disorders

The endocrine system includes eight major glands in your body. These glands are responsible for making hormones that regulate a range of processes, such as growth and bone development, metabolism, sexual function and reproduction, and mood. Sometimes, disorders can result from when glands overproduce (hyperfunction) or underproduce (hypofunction) hormones.

Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder in the United States. Other types of endocrine disorders include:

What Are the Symptoms of an Endocrine or Hormone-Related Disorders?

Symptoms of these disorders will vary. Patients with thyroid conditions commonly experience rapid heart rates, sleepiness or an inability to sleep, weight fluctuation without a change in diet or exercise, brittle hair or finger nails, and mood change.

Women with sex hormone disorders, like PCOS, will experience irregular menstrual cycles, skin changes and acne, weight gain, and hair thinning or hair loss.

In the early stages of osteoporosis patients may not feel any pain or experience symptoms. Over time, particularly for women who are approaching menopause and produce less estrogen that protects against bone loss, there may be an increase in back pain, changes in posture, and bone breaks and fractures.

How are Endocrine Disorders Treated?

Your doctor may recommend diet and lifestyle changes and prescription medication to help you manage your condition. Many conditions are life long and require maintenance medication therapy.

The process of bone thinning or osteoporosis is a natural part of aging. However, if you receive treatment early, you may be able to stop or slow the progression of bone loss.

Sometimes endocrine disorders result from taking medications to treat other conditions. Patients on long-term steroid therapy for the treatment of autoimmune diseases frequently develop Cushing syndrome. After completing steroid therapy, patients typically see these symptoms resolve and go away over time.

Doctors and specialists and The Diabetes and Endocrine Institute at Morristown Medical Center are experts in providing care for adults with endocrine disorders. Each patient will receive a treatment plan designed specifically for his or her needs.

 

 

 

 

 

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