Prevention plays a critical role in type 2 diabetes. Preventing diabetes can be as simple as becoming more physically active and adjusting eating habits. Small, simple changes can often have a dramatic effect on your overall health, especially for those with pre-diabetes.
The Diabetes Prevention Program, a major federally funded study, found that people can delay and possibly prevent diabetes by losing as little as 5 to 7 percent of total body weight through healthier eating and more frequent physical activity.
Overall, the risk factors that contribute to the likelihood of developing diabetes include:
- Being overweight or obese
- Having an immediate family member with the condition (parent, brother, sister)
- Having African American, American Indian, Asian American, Pacific Islander, or Hispanic or Latino heritage
- Having high blood pressure
- Having low “good cholesterol” (HDL) and high “bad cholesterol” (LDL)
- Exercising less than three times a week or being physically inactive
- Having a prior history of gestational diabetes or at least one infant weighing more than 9 pounds
Learn more > and discover 50 ways to prevent type 2 diabetes by visiting the National Diabetes Education Program. The Diabetes and Endocrine Institute at Morristown Medical Center also maintains numerous health and education resources on diabetes prevention.