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Memory and Cognitive Disorder Diagnostic Tests and Screenings

Memory changes often progress slowly, which can make it difficult to assess if they are the result of normal aging or a more serious condition. In all cases, an accurate diagnosis in the early stages of neurodegenerative disease is the key to maintaining quality of life for patients and their caregivers. View a list of memory loss questions that can help determine if a professional evaluation may be necessary >

At Atlantic Health System Neuroscience's Memory and Cognitive Disorders Program, diagnosis begins with a comprehensive assessment of the patient’s medical history and a physical examination. This may be followed by neuropsychological testing and brain imaging depending upon the level of memory loss. In some cases, lab work is also recommended.

Neuropsychological Testing

Neuropsychological tests are paper and pencil style exams used to assess basic cognitive skills, like memory, language and attention. We analyze the results to determine areas of strength and weakness, if any, and make a diagnosis. We may also prescribe treatments, like memory strategies and support resources for both patient and caregiver based on the findings.

Brain Imaging

Dementia, Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders are complex conditions that often require more than one test to diagnose properly. This is why in addition to evaluations and cognitive tests, we may recommend brain imaging, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), position emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT). We also offer the CT PET with Cortex-ID™, which is a computer program that enables our clinicians to compare a patient’s brain PET/CT scan to a database of age-matched normal subjects to check for abnormalities.

Once testing is complete, a detailed summary of findings and recommended treatments is provided. If possible, family members or close friends should accompany the patient to provide additional information and support. Results from any previous evaluations should be brought to our attention.


Overlook Medical Center

741 Northfield Avenue – West Orange

Physician services for memory and cognitive disorders are also available at Chilton Medical Center, Hackettstown Medical Center, Morristown Medical Center, Newton Medical Center and Overlook Medical Center. Find an Atlantic Health System doctor >