Scoliosis is an abnormal growth in the spinal column, which causes curvature and rotation.
Infantile scoliosis occurs in very young children and juvenile scoliosis occurs in children aged 10 or younger. Adolescent Idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common type of scoliosis and is present in approximately 2% of the general population in children aged 10-18.
Children who have mild scoliosis are monitored closely, usually with X-rays, to see if the curve is getting worse. In many cases, no treatment is necessary. Some children will need to wear a brace to stop the curve from worsening. Only about 2% need surgery to straighten severe cases of scoliosis.