Classes & Events News Get

Avoid Heat Exhaustion this Summer

May 3, 2023


Heat illnesses can be prevented by being careful in hot, humid weather.

Increased activity in the summer could result in heat exhaustion or heat stroke, a cascading condition that can cause permanent disability or death. 

Older people, those struggling with health issues and young children are most susceptible to heat exhaustion as well as athletes who wear helmets and heavy uniforms during summer practices. But  Matthew Martinez, MD, director of Atlantic Health System Sports Cardiology at Morristown Medical Center cautions that everyone needs to be aware of the symptoms to protect themselves and those around them. 

Know the Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion

The symptoms of heat exhaustion can include:

  • Dizziness
  • Cold skin
  • Headache
  • Muscle cramps
  • Weakness

Know the Symptoms of Heat Stroke

The symptoms of heat stroke can often include:

  • Lack of sweat
  • High fever
  • Nausea
  • Confusion
  • Irrational behavior

When not properly addressed, heat exhaustion can develop into heat stroke, a condition where the body is simply unable to cool itself and begins to shut down. 

Atlantic Health System cardiologist, Michael Weinrauch, MD, urges people to acclimate to the season and to practice common sense when spending time in the sun. He also says it is critical to recognize when someone is in crisis. 

“The summer heat and humidity sneak up on us and it is important to know how to respond if you suspect a person is suffering from heat exhaustion or heat stroke.” 

According to Dr. Martinez, treatment for heat exhaustion involves stopping activity, moving the person to a cooler, shaded location, and providing cold water until the symptoms decline. If a person’s condition worsens, and symptoms of heat stroke emerge, it is important to get the person as cool as possible and to contact medical professionals. They will likely begin IV therapy to quickly hydrate the person and cool the body. 

Related Articles

Your Healthy Summer Guide

Atlantic Health System is your healthy summer guide to a safe and fun season. From helpful tips to preventive and urgent care, we've got you covered for whatever summer brings.

Safety Tips for Exercise in the Summer Heat

Even seemingly gentle activities can lead to unexpected injuries. Learn helpful tips for preventing injury when exercising in the summer heat.

Protect Your Skin from Sun Damage this Season

Summertime activities bring us out in the sun. Whether it’s time spent at the beach, pool, park, or garden, it’s important to protect your skin from the glare of ultraviolet (UV) rays -- and lower your risk of potential skin damage.

5 Cool Tips to Prevent Heat-Related Illness

Learn 5 tips to help you stay cool and safe during hot and sticky summers and avoid heat-related illness.

Focus on Summer Heart Health

Even a healthy heart can be put under stress when temperatures climb. Learn more about what factors may make someone particularly vulnerable to heat-related conditions.

How to Spot Melanoma: The Early Warning Signs of Skin Cancer

Melanoma is less common than other skin cancers, but it’s more dangerous if not treated early. Learn the early warning signs and how to spot melanoma.

  • Healthy Living