Bone Cancer or Bone Tumor?
When diagnosed with a bone tumor or bone cancer, some patients may not know whom to contact first, because the terms bone cancer and bone tumors are very general terms.
A bone tumor refers to an abnormal growth in the bone. There are many different types of bone tumors, both benign and cancerous. A bone cancer is a malignant type of bone tumor.
When a bone cancer arises directly from the bone, it is called a primary bone cancer or a sarcoma. When a different type of cancer spreads from another site, such as a breast cancer, to the bone, it is considered a secondary bone cancer, also called a metastatic bone cancer.
Bone Tumors We Treat
- Aneurysmal Bone Cyst (ABC)
- An aneurysmal bone cyst is a rare, benign bone tumor or neoplasm. It consists of a blood-filled multiloculated cavity with a thick fibrous lining. The lining is composed of mesenchymal spindle cells, capillaries, multinucleated giant cells, and often, immature reactive bone formation.
- A rare bone tumors more likely to appear in males, children and young adults. Though benign, it is aggressive tumor with high propensity for local recurrence. Almost all cases arise from epiphysis of bone. Very rarely, cases metastasize to lungs.
- Conventional Chondrosarcoma
- A rare, cancerous sarcoma usually coming from the bone in adults. The tumor is made of cartilaginous type tissue. Some conventional chondrosarcomas are slow growing while others are fast growing. Fast growing tumors can spread to the lung, bone, or other areas of the body. Surgery is the main treatment. The most common bones affected are the femur (thigh bone) next to the hip, and the humerus, next to the shoulder. Chemotherapy is usually not used in this type of tumor.
- Ewings Sarcoma
- Ewing sarcoma is a small round blue cell sarcoma. It is a primary osseous neoplasm (cancer/sarcoma) composed of uniform, monotonous, small round blue cells without any matrix production. it is the fourth most common primary bone malignancy.. Ewing sarcomas occur primarily in long bones.
- Giant Cell Tumor of Bone
- Giant cell tumor (GCT) of bone is a benign but aggressive bone tumor originating from mesenchymal cells. Initially, described as an aggressive and destructive lesion of long bones. Giant cells are evenly and widely dispersed throughout the lesion. Most GCTs are located in the secondary ossification center (epiphysis) and metaphysis with extension to, and sometimes through the subchondral area of the long bones (distal femur, proximal tibia, and distal radius). The axial skeleton is the second most commonly affected area, especially the sacrum. GCT has slightly higher incidence in woman than men.
- Multiple Myeloma
- Multiple myeloma is a cancer of the white blood cells, which are made in the marrow of our bones. It is most common in older males and those with a family history of the disease. There are a variety of ways to treat multiple myeloma including chemotherapy (most common), immunotherapy, and stem cell transplant.
- Osteochondroma is an outgrowth of medullary and cortical bone. A portion of the cartilaginous growth plate grows outward instead of longitudinally and forms the osteochondroma/exostosis (like a branch on a tree). It consists of bone covered with cartilaginous cap (exostosis).
- Conventional Intramedullary Osteosarcoma
- Osteosarcoma is a very rare type of cancerous bone tumor that usually develops in teenagers. It often occurs when a teen is growing rapidly.
Other Bone Tumors We Treat
- Clear Cell Chondrosarcoma
- Dedifferentiated Chondrosarcoma
- Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma
- Juxtacortical (periosteal) Chondrosarcoma
- Desmoplastic Fibroma
- Eosinophillic Granuloma
- Fibrous Dysplasia
- Lymphoma of Bone
- Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma (MFH) of Bone
- Nonossifying Fibroma
- Osteoid Osteoma
- Telangietic Osteosarcoma
- Low Grade Intraosseous Osteosarcoma
- Parosteal Osteosarcoma
- Periosteal Osteosarcoma
- High Grade Surface Osteosarcoma
- Intracortical Osteosarcoma
- Periosteal Chondroma