Atlantic Health System Neuroscience's Epilepsy Center offers specialized health care services for those patients who have been seen by a primary care physician and need additional diagnostic services for epilepsy and seizures.
- A diagnosis of epilepsy is unclear
- A diagnosis of a seizure disorder has been given by the patient’s primary care physician, but the type of epilepsy has not been definitively established
- Seizure activity requires an emergency visit
- Treatment with medication has not been totally successful
- The patient has been seizure free for some time, and wishes to discontinue taking antiepileptic medication
At our epilepsy center, we take a complete medical history, perform a physical exam and review all relevant medical records. Typically, the patient’s diagnosis is clear-cut and treatment is initiated immediately. However, some patients may require additional epilepsy testing, such as:
- Routine electroencephalogram (EEG)
- – Measures electrical activity in the brain; performed as an outpatient procedure in our EEG lab and takes between 30 and 90 minutes
- Video EEG monitoring
- – Uses visual observation and electronic data to document seizures and determine which type of epilepsy a patient may have; performed as an inpatient procedure over the course of three to four days
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- – Locates structural defects in the brain that may be causing seizures
- Magnetoencephalography (MEG)
- – Records the magnetic fields associated with electrical activity in the brain to help physicians localize, with precise accuracy, where epileptic activity originates; used to non-invasively determine a patient’s candidacy for surgery and in surgical planning
- Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
- – Visualizes areas of the brain that are less metabolically active due to seizure activity
- Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scan
- – Helps determine where a seizure originates in the brain by measuring blood flow in different areas
- Robotic-assisted stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG)
- – Records the brain’s electrical activity via electrodes implanted using minimally invasive techniques
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